Periodontal diseases occur due to the bacteria, which cause inflammation and damage to the supporting tissues of the teeth that include bone, gum, and ligaments. If the inflammation is restricted onto the gum, it is known as gingivitis. Periodontitis usually occurs when other supporting tissues get affected and cause loss of gum or bone. There are surgeries to treat periodontitis, which can also help in preventing its progression. Regeneration therapy can grow back the lost bone and gum and is a type of periodontal surgery. Bone graft, soft tissue graft, sinus lift, and dental implants are also part of periodontal surgical procedures.
What are the common symptoms of periodontal disease?
The most common symptoms of periodontal disease are, as follows:
- Bleeding gums whenever you brush or floss
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Sore gums
- Tooth sensitivity
- TMJ symptoms
- Changes in the bite
What is a periodontal abscess?
A tooth abscess or periodontal abscess is usually caused by the bacteria causing gum disease in the gum pockets around your teeth. This leads to gum swelling around the affected tooth, and an unbearable pain as well. A periodontal abscess is a case, where the ligaments and bone surrounding the tooth gets severely damaged, ultimately leading to tooth loss.
How is periodontal disease treated?
Certain periodontal services can be used in treating periodontal disease, such as:
Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery: In this process, the dentist removes the tartar and lifts the gum back.
Bone grafts: The fragments of your bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone helps in replacing bone, destroyed by gum disease.
Soft tissue grafts:This procedure is usually used in filling places or reinforcing thin gums, where there are receding gums. Grafted tissue, taken from the roof of the mouth, then stitching and adding in place to the affected area.
How to prevent periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease affects many people, but this condition can be easily prevented through the correct professional dental care provided by your dentist, along with a good home dental care regime.
Call us (760) 433-9255 or schedule an online appointment with Dr. Schmidt, our Military Veteran Dentist, for a consultation at our office in Vista, CA.